Christmas is coming, and quietly 2019 will leave only one last week to review and take stock. This year, technology is still developing rapidly, as if the first batch of 90 years have been touched and established in general, people can not be prevented. However, the development of science and technology has always been a failure. But there are many kinds of failures, from those that are constantly paving the way for ultimate success, those that are deadly, deceptive, and very foolish. Here’s a look at what the most failed technologies of 2019 have been summarized by the MIT Technology Review.
(Originally titled: MIT Technology Review releases 2019’s most failed technology list, Boeing 737, Samsung folding screen, etc.
1. Boeing’s out-of-control autonomous driving
Boeing abruptly suspended its executive staff before the U.S. stock market opened on December 23rd, and then announced a change in executive staffing — CEO Dennis J. Dennis A. Muilenburg has stepped down as Boeing’s chief executive. At the same time, Boeing appointed the current Chairman of the Board of Directors, David J. Dave Calhoun will take up the role on January 13 next year. During the short transition period, Chief Financial Officer Greg Smith will serve as interim CEO.
It is widely believed that the current CEO, Dennis J. Mr. Millenberg’s resignation is linked to a series of setbacks this year for the world’s leading airline industry, including the 737 Max accident and shutdown, as well as the delay and failure of the Starliner space shuttle.
Among them, the tragic failure of the Boeing 737 Max was probably the main reason for his resignation.
On March 10, 2019, an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 Max crashed, killing all 157 people on board. This is the second crash on a Boeing 737 Max aircraft following the Death of 189 people in the Indonesian Lion Air Crash on October 29, 2018. In both cases, the self-driving system kept the plane in a dive state, and the pilot was struggling to regain control of the plane.
Pilots have only a short time to react to a flight control system known as “MCAS”, and they know almost nothing about it.
The 737 Max has changed its aerodynamic properties by changing the design for a new, larger and more energy-efficient engine. Boeing, on the other hand, chose to install MCAS for software-to-software modification solely in order to reduce fuel consumption and improve economic competitiveness, and did not want to change the original model of the 737.
The change could cause the aircraft to stall in some cases. In the second crash, in March, it exposed not only autopilot as the culprit, but also how U.S. aviation safety regulators have ceded more power to Boeing over time.
Over-aggressive automation systems, combined with a lack of training for pilots, have turned out to be two major aviation accidents. Boeing’s losses have reached billions of dollars, and the 737 Max aircraft is still grounded and discontinued.
Indonesia Lion Air’s Boeing 737 Max
2. Fake “food computer”
The second failed technology on the list was the MIT Technology Review,” a deceptive research project by MIT Media Lab.
MIT’s Media Lab is known as the “Factory of the Future”, but its “food computer” may not be included.
First in a TED speech in 2015, architect Carles Puigde Caleb Harper collected 1.8 million views using a hydroponic tank with electronic devices and AI. This, he says, can measure millions of combinations of light, temperature and humidity. He said his open agriculture project would be a pioneer of “cyber-agriculture”.
However, it turns out that this “food computer” is nothing more than a beautified small planting box, and the actual use is not good. However, Galle Harper continued to “fertilize” the project by using tech-sensitive words such as “climate hackers,” “open source” and “microbiome,” which continued to get him the attention and financial support of the media lab.
In April of this year, Galle Harper’s description of the device reached an absurd peak when he said that “machine learning” techniques had been used to grow basil (a year of raw herbs, slightly pruned into beautiful bonsai, potted and ornamental; edible, with some medicinal value). At the time, the MIT press release even claimed that the basil was “probably more delicious than ever before.”
Until September this year, the project’s experimenters stopped bragging, telling the media that they had faked the photos (the plants actually purchased) and had made a series of deceptions. In October, MIT executives “stopped” most of the lab’s work, known as OpenAg, the Boston Globe reported.
“Food Computer” (Source: MIT Technology Review/TONY LUONG)
3. Gene-edited hornless cows
This year, a company called Recombinetics created a group of hornless cows through genetic editing. At the time, the company insisted that they were not genetically modified and should not even be regulated. After all, they think that through precise genetic editing, one cow’s genes can be changed to another, even though their looks may not be what people think – there are no horns.
However, there was a “traitor” among the cattle. No one noticed that it was not until the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) examined the DNA of one of the bulls that it discovered that the company had accidentally implanted a large number of bacterial genes in the process.
As a result, these bulls and other hornless animals are actually genetically modified. Of course, adding bacterial DNA may be harmless to humans. But what really hurts is the molecular precision claimed by these gene editors. The animals were eventually incinerated, causing considerable damage to all the participants.
Gene-edited hornless cows (Source: MIT Technology Review/CORNELL ALLIANCE FOR SCIENCE)
4. DNA-based “gay radar”
A programmer has released a major study of genes linked to homosexual behavior for several weeks, and a programmer has released a book called “How Gay Are You?” (How gay are you)” app.
With the app, people pay only $5.50 to use the results to calculate how gay everyone is. The genetic test results used by the app are from a test genetic test program sold by 23andMe, a DNA identification company.
Controversy ensued, and the app was a “dangerous misreading” of science? Or does it accurately highlight the important question – that no gene can determine whether people are gay? Or does it suggest that the initial research project trying to explain homosexual behaviour was itself a misconceived one?
So far, the gay radar app has disappeared and it has not survived widespread controversy. But the promise, or problem, of genetic prediction has not actually gone away. Genetic scientists now have new ways to link tiny genetic differences not only to a person’s risk of disease, but also to traits such as height, intelligence or income potential.
What are the social consequences? Nothing is known yet.
Applications that detect homosexuality through DNA (Source: MIT Technology Review/GENEPLAZA)
5. Interstellar smuggling of Earth life
In April, Israeli company SpaceIL launched the country’s first lunar lander over the moon, but lost contact during the final landing phase and the mission failed. It later emerged that a U.S. nonprofit organization called the Arch Mission Foundation had quietly attached a container full of water bears to the lander during the mission.
Water bears are the most viable creatures known on Earth, and the tiny, eight-legged creatures that can only be seen under a microscope can survive in extremely harsh conditions. It survives in snowy mountains, hot springs, Antarctica and the deep sea (below 4,000 meters) above 6,000 meters above sea level, and even in the moon.
When people are asked to protect other planets, one of the most important elements is to avoid allowing life on Earth to “pollute” other planets.
Although in the moon’s water-free environment, even if the water bear still survives, it is difficult to “wake up”. But it’s a reminder that, with more and more space exploration, the current system may struggle to effectively protect other planets.
As for the purpose of sending water bears to the moon, Arch says its original intention was to build a backup of the Earth. To do this, the organization attempts to store DNA and encapsulate insects in artificial amber medium operations. Meanwhile, Israel’s lunar lander has 60,000 pages of text, including a large amount of content from Wikipedia.
“We didn’t tell anyone, we secretly brought the creatures with us,” says Nova Spivack, arch co-founder. We just decided to take the risk. “
Images of lunar surface exploration (Source: MIT Technology Review/NASA/GSFC/ASU)
6. Samsung’s folding phone
Folding screens are one of the hottest concepts in this year’s mobile phone market, and as the world’s first officially released folding phone, Samsung Galaxy Fold has been the most eye-catching product since its inception.
In folding, the phone measures 4.6 inches. When expanded, it can reach a screen size of 7.3 inches, about the size of a tablet.
Samsung originally planned to launch the folding phone on April 26 this year, starting at $1,980 (about 14,000 yuan). But before the launch, Samsung’s test phones sent to the global media were collectively “turned over” in a short period of time, with a variety of screen problems. This eventually led Samsung to announce a delay in the galaxy’s Launch Date.
Bloomberg electronics commentator Mark M. Just a day after trying Out galaxy In April, Mark Gurman posted a photo on his Twitter feed of a flashing screen with the caption, “Totally broken, it’s not working.” “
Samsung said it would “take steps” to strengthen the screen, adding that defects found on the test phone could be related to weak hinges. After a revised revision, Samsung officials announced at this year’s China International Import Expo that the Galaxy Fold officially landed in the Chinese market on November 8 for 15,999 yuan.
According to the current schedule of major mobile phone manufacturers, there are at least six folding-screen phones on the market will be on the battlefield next year.
Samsung’s Galaxy Fold does take a head start in time, but the Galaxy Fold product is clearly not really ready for the next generation of screens compared to what electronics fans expect. The expensive phone is not so much an expensive plaything as an expected but still fragile “scientific experiment” product;
Samsung’s folding-screen phone (Source: MIT Technology Review/UNSPLASH/BAUMEISTER)
7. Apple’s “Inequality” Credit Cards
Apple officially unveiled the Apple Card at a launch in late March. But after open use, some users found that an executive at a technology company had 10 times more credit on Apple Card than his wife when the couple had the same assets.
The issue has been widespread, and even Apple co-founder Steve Careu said the issue was “a problem” Steve Wozniak, the chief executive, has said publicly that he and his wife have had the same problem.
“It’s just an algorithmic problem, ” one Apple salesman once explained. “But the problem is that Apple and Goldman Sachs, which supports the credit card service, have never explained the rationale behind it;
Facebook has been mired in discrimination, such as facebook ads about taxi drivers being pushed more to minorities, and supermarket jobs being automatically pushed to women.
This year, Facebook reached a settlement that prohibits advertisers from intentionally discriminating in housing and job advertisements. But there are also studies that show that invisible algorithms are still quietly distorting the final presentation of ads.
Apple’s credit card (Source: MIT Technology Review/APPLE)
8. Network Switches in India
For the Indian government, whenever trouble comes, the easiest way to deal with it is to cut off the network connectivity behind apps such as Facebook and WhatsApp.
India has already taken 104 active attempts to cut off internet connectivity in 2019, according to Internet Shutdown.
Just this month, the Indian government cut off the internet connection of about 60 million people again. The move follows mass protests in northern India over a controversial bill that led to a massive shutdown of government offices.
In addition to India, countries such as Pakistan, Turkey and Iran are now following suit. Perhaps these countries have realized that a simple “network switch” can quickly cool down social disputes. This avoids trouble while reducing the spread of negative information about protests overseas.