More than half of the world’s corals have died from bleaching as a result of warming. Scientists have launched a massive coral reef rescue project to plant resilient “super corals” on land and then transplant them back into the sea. Scientists in Seychelles are transplanting “super corals” on the ocean floor that are attached to rocks with ocean adhesives, the report said, which could allow the reef to survive future coral bleaching.
Coral restorer Chloe Schutt said: “Our ‘coral gardening’ transplant method is to look at coral reefs as soon as they are bleached, looking for surviving coral swarms, and we are confident that they will be resilient. “
Super corals grow on ropes known underwater as “coral nurseries”, the world’s largest coral nursery.
Scientists from around the world have come to learn coral cultivation techniques that have been used in countries such as Colombia and the Maldives, followed by Kenya, Tanzania and Mauritius, the report said.
Climate change has killed more than half of the world’s corals, and their color and energy come from algae living in them, a perfect symbiotic relationship before the water warms and makes them toxic, so corals are forced to expel them, known as coral bleaching.
“We’ve now learned about the whole technology, so the next step is to plant corals on land and repair them until they can adapt to climate change and transplant them back into the sea,” said Nimal Jiwan Shah, founder of the Coral Reef Rescue Project. “
Experts predict that by 2050, most of the world’s corals will die, and innovations like this could be their last chance to survive.