BEIJING, Dec. 31 (Xinhua) — In 2019, scientists have made many interesting and bizarre scientific discoveries about animal science, including: the phenomenon of ants eating together, water bears swallowing their mouths, according tomedia reports.
1, ants like eating
According to a study in November, an ant colony trapped in an abandoned nuclear bunker in western Poland devoured the body of its companion, and in 2015, researchers first found a former Soviet military bunker bunker near the former German border, and found similar ant colonies on the floor. The pipes where thousands of workerants fell into the bunker ceiling could not climb out. After examining the dead ant carcasses found on the floor, the scientists saw many bite marks in the stomachs of the ants, which apparently had similar food. Eventually the scientists installed a ramp on the colony, allowing the trapped ants to successfully leave the bunker, and when the researchers returned a year later, most of them had left the bunker.
2. Seagulls don’t like to be stared at
How can beachgoers not let pesky seagulls steal their own snacks? According to a study in August, people can let them go simply by staring at them. Researchers lured black chiropractors with bagged fried potato chips on beaches in Cornwall, England, and tested their behaviour when they were monitored and ignored, and when they became more careful about food under human surveillance, some of them lost interest in human food altogether. However, the researchers found that if people ignored the seagulls, the deep-fried potato chips in their hands were easily robbed by the seagulls.
3. Zombie Ants
If ants are infected with a particular fungal, they will begin to wander aimlessly and eventually climb to the top of a shrub to die, according to a study published in July, which is apparently done under the influence of mind control. The Ophiocordyps kimflemingiae fungus invades the body of ants, controls their brain consciousness, and causes infected ants to climb to the top of nearby plants and die gradually. Even if an ant dies, it is still controlled by a fungus that drills out of the dead ant’s body to attract predators to devour the zombie ants in search of a new host. However, scientists have found no evidence that fungi tamper with ant brain cells.
4, the water bear will “eat their mouth”
Under the microscope, water bears are a lovely six-footed invertebrate creature, and new research suggests they can swallow their mouths. This year, biologist Rafael Mart?n-Ledo collected samples of water bears in the Saha River in northern Spain and found strange crystal structures in his stomach, which he suspects may be zircon, a mineral made of carbon and calcium that forms a needle that pierces food around his mouth. The little animals occasionally molt and re-grow the export needles, so it’s conceivable that the food in their mouths sometimes mixes with the needle and swallows it into their stomachs.
5. Shake your head parrot
An sunflower cockatoo named “Snowball” has inspired scientists to delve into bird dance, and in a video, the parrot improvises with the Backstreet Boys dance, and the video’s click-through rate soars. A group of scientists, curious, played other tunes on Snowball, only to find that its movements were always in sync, and even came up with new dance moves that improvise different movements to match specific tunes. The researchers speculate that the “snowball” dance moves suggest that humans and birds may have some common musical, social and cognitive abilities.
6, infected fungus slugs into mating
A slug infected with a particular fungus produces a drug-like energy shock, plunges into a state of revelry, and then mates. According to a recent study, the Massopora fungus contains a mixture of chemicals, including trace amounts of amphetamines and hallucinogens, that can plunge the moth into a sexual frenzy that simulates female mating behavior between males under the influence of fungal infections, thereby stimulating and attracting females. The Massopora fungus is spread through these sexual advances.
7. Clams use rocks as breakfast
This year, scientists discovered a strange-looking clam called shipworm, which often eats food on the surface of wooden boats. But the researchers were surprised to find that the ship’s moths also had a unique food preference, the stone, which could not drill into a wooden boat like other clam species, but instead used a shovel-like protruding object to dig the stone, chewing it up and swallowing it, and then excreting digested minerals like fine sand. The researchers believe the clams don’t get any nutrients from the rocks, in fact they’re just digging larger holes.
8. The giant python swallows another giant python that is swallowed
When an Australian resident removed a giant python from his house, it swallowed its last dinner, just as another python, which looked fatter, but was similar in length, about 3.5-4 meters. Giant pythons can force the prey’s spine to squeeze into a wave-like shape and then swallow it into the abdomen. This “folding action” squeezes prey to fit the predator’s stomach, as if heavy clothing is stuffed into a small suitcase.
9. Rats attack adult albatrosses
The rats that invaded Gough Island in the South Atlantic were fatal to the island’s surviving albatross, which not only gnawed at the albatross chicks alive, but also attacked the living adult albatross, the gnawing living albatross who was bruised and even flesh-soaked and exposed to its bones and plunged into pain. Albatrosses lay eggs only once a year, so rats pose a huge threat to the survival of albatrosses. To protect the island’s species and other birds, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds works with local authorities to kill rats.
10, Komodo lizards do not need males to breed
A new study by scientists this year found that the female Komodo lizard does nuns without sperm from males to breed, and at London’s Chester Zoo, a female Komodo python called Flora completed a “virgin conception” of monogamous reproduction and gave birth to eight eggs. Scientists have found that snakes, lizards and more than 70 other vertebrates have single-sex reproduction, but scientists have never found this in Komodo giant lizards, which means that a female Komodo python has a strong fertility, can build a Komodo giant lizard group, it can produce male offspring.