China’s space program 2020: Samples from the moon and landing on Mars

On December 27, 2019, the Long March 5 remote three carrier rocket was successfully launched, and China Aerospace’s 2019 was perfectly closed. That is, “Super 2018”, China’s space will usher in a record-breaking “Super 2020.” 2019 is the year after the start of the year, is the year of China’s astronauts trying to run the dream year. Say goodbye to the old and welcome the new, let us remember 2019 together, look out over 2020.

Bravely in the deep sky

On January 3, 2019, the Chang’e-4 probe made its first lunar landing in human history, and after the human landing on the moon in 1969, the lunar probe finally turned a new page written by Chinese.

The Jade Rabbit-2 lunar rover broke the 49-year-old world record held by the Soviet Union’s “Moon Rover 1” and became the longest-running lunar surface rover in human history.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

The Lander’s Topographic Topographic Camera Panorama (Cylindrical Projection) Photo: China Lunar Exploration

At the end of 2020, the third chapter of China’s lunar exploration “Back Around” trilogy is about to begin, and the Chang’e-5 probe will head to Guanghan Palace for the world’s first lunar sampling return mission since 1976.

In addition to bringing back more than 2 kg of lunar soil and lunar rock samples, The 5th will also validate key technologies such as lunar rise and lunar orbitr rendezvous. These key technologies will serve as a solid foundation and a strong guarantee for our country’s future manned moon landings.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

The No. 5 Detector . . . Photo: NASA

On November 14, 2019, an extraterrestrial object landed at an integrated test site in Huailai, Hebei Province.

Tens of meters high, steel towers, suspended with sci-fi-style test platforms, simulate a Martian environment equivalent to just 0.376 times Earth’s gravity.

Here, the Chinese Mars lander hover barrier test carried out smoothly, the test simulated the lander in the Martian environment hover, barrier avoidance, slow descent process, its design accuracy was comprehensively verified.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Tower of the Integrated Test Site for Extraterrestrial Object Landing Photo: Xinhua

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Test Platforms and Analog Landers Photo: Xinhua

This is the first public appearance of china’s Mars exploration mission.

A decade ago, China’s path to Mars began with international cooperation, and the Firefly One satellite, a passenger on Russia’s Forbes-Soil probe, planned to fly to Mars.

But there is a storm, in November 2011, “Forbes-Soil” probe after the launch of a failure, mission failure, China’s first Mars mission attempt, has not yet embarked on the journey, it suddenly ended.

Take your destiny into your own hands.

As a result, Chinese its own trip to Mars, which will begin in 2020.

China Aerospace in a very short period of time to come up with a leapfrog program: “around, fall, patrol”, a program, one complete.

The first Mission to Mars was designed with a complex and comprehensive program, which is unique in the history of mars exploration in the world, and the progress of other countries over the decades is something we want to achieve at once.

However, thanks to the massive accumulation of technology in the engineering and manned spaceflight, the scheme is not rootless, but practical.

Risks are always there, and at the back of them is endless opportunities.

In order to catch up with the pioneers, Chinese astronauts are willing to take the strange risk, China’s Mars rover alone “Tiger Cave Dragon Lake”, in 2020 launch window, flying to the legendary red planet.

May the red flag five continents four sea qi exhibition, even if it is the fire sea knife mountain also pounced on the front.

Come on! China Aerospace!

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Heat Testing of China’s Mars Probes . . . Photo credit: China Institute of Space Technology

Ze was the ball

Despite the long-term international blockade, China’s space industry is still taking concrete action to show the role of a space power.

On June 5, 2019, China’s first sea launch was a complete success.

The tropical region within the North-South regression line has a concentration of nearly half of the world’s population, but economic development lags behind for a long time and the level of space development is generally low.

The launch of the Long March XI rocket at sea has allowed tropical countries to acquire satellites dedicated to their own countries at lower prices to power their national development with space technology.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Long March XI Launch Vehicle at Sea Photo credit: Deng Yuchen/China Youth Daily

On 20 December 2019, my country successfully launched a small satellite to Ethiopia, ending the country’s history of no satellites.

For Ethiopia, which had suffered from natural disasters, the small satellite meant not only that they could achieve disaster prevention and mitigation by means of remote sensing in space, but also that Ethiopia had the first space science and technology workers. Chinese-trained Essai experts can control and use satellites autonomously.

The Western powers went to the African continent, killing and plague.

Chinese people sent to Africa by railways and satellites.

We are serious about helping our friends.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Give Ethiopia’s Small Satellites Photo credit: China Space Network

Space is not high in the distance, space is closely related to your life.

In 2019, the High Score 6 satellite will be operational. As a high-resolution Earth observation satellite with ultra-large wide imaging and red-edge band detection, such as “one-door stunt”, high-score 6 and pre-launched high-score one successfully realized the network operation, the two satellites can realize the re-visit observation of China’s land region, greatly improve the scale of remote sensing data acquisition and data timeliness.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

High Score 6 Satellite . . . Photo credit: China Institute of Space Technology

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

High score number six and high score number one network run . . . Photo credit: China Institute of Space Technology

On November 4, 2019, at the 2019 Group On Earth Observations (GEO) Conference, the Chinese Space Administration launched the CNSA-GEO Platform for the 16m Data Sharing Service of the National Space Administration of China. It was officially announced that China’s high score of 16 meters data will be open edabeed for sharing.

By logging on to the CNSA-GEO platform (www.cnsageo.com), researchers around the world will have access to China’s high-scoring 16-meter satellite data.

This is an important contribution of China Aerospace to the sustainable development of all mankind, an important measure to address climate change and disaster prevention and mitigation, and is also a response to the Belt and Road Initiative, implementing the United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development 2030, and building a community of human destiny.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Earth Observation Organization 2019 Meeting Photo: China Science.com

In 2020, one of the main points in the space field is the launch of the Environmental Disaster Reduction II satellite.

As one of China’s four major satellite series, the “Environmental Disaster Reduction” series of satellites has been playing a huge role in environmental monitoring, disaster prevention and control. The Optical Dual Star, Which was launched in 2008, has been operating steadily in orbit. Almost 12 years later, the United Nations Space-Spider and International Charter for Disaster Reduction are on duty. Environmental Disaster Reduction I is still providing data to the world, setting a new record for the life of our low-orbit satellites.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

National Image Mosaic of the Environmental Disaster Reduction One Satellite Photo Credit See Watermark

Compared with the previous generation, the Environmental Disaster Reduction II satellite has achieved a huge leap in performance, with many key technical indicators not doubling, not twice, but at least an order of magnitude.

After the launch, Environmental Disaster Reduction II will also continue the mission of China’s satellites such as Environmental Disaster Reduction One, carry out the on-duty mission of the International Charter for Disaster Reduction, and provide the first help from China for people affected by disasters around the world.

By the end of 2020, beidou satellite navigation system, the Beidou III, will be fully completed. In 2019, Galileo’s system was damaged by a ground failure and has not been fully recovered. The completion of beidou system can provide users around the world with more accurate and reliable global navigation and positioning services. In the future, no matter where you go, Beidou will always accompany you around.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Beidou Satellite Navigation System . . . Photo: China Satellite Navigation System Management Office

Serving China, benefiting the world, is the constant pursuit of China’s space.

Phoenix Nirvana

On December 27, 2019, after 908 days of fighting, the launch of the Long March V remote three carrier rocket was finally a complete success.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Long March 5 Remote 3 Rocket Launch Photo credit: China Aerospace Science and Technology Group

It was 908 days of suffering, it was 908 days of hardship.

As the source and core of China’s new generation of launch vehicles, the application of new technologies on the Long March 5 exceeds 90%.

Large thrust liquid oxygen hydrogen engine, graded combustion cycle liquid oxygen kerosene engine… Everything is brand new.

The difficulties came as scheduled.

On July 2, 2017, the Long March 5 remote 2 rocket launch failed, the fault was located in the core level of the large thrust liquid oxygen hydrogen engine YF-77.

Scientists seem to have found the crux of the problem, and the work of zeroing it down has been done.

But over the next two years, the YF-77 seemed like a demon, and the experiment succeeded and went wrong.

The tangle of the Long March V, interwoven with other events such as the failure of the Long March IV C-launched remote sensing 33 satellite, was infinitely amplified in the spread of the Internet. Not only the Long March 5 development team, the whole of China’s space industry is facing huge doubts.

Is our path wrong?

If you look at the level of scientific and technological development before the space age of the United States and the Soviet Union, look at the United States and the Soviet Union in the Cold War, no cost of crazy investment, and then look at the “one poor and two white” new China and the year-round less than the United States space budget.

Then think about how much China’s space industry has been catching up with in less than 70 years.

I believe that every Chinese heart will have a lever scale.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Where the Oriental Red One Satellite Rises . . . Photo: Instagram

One is on the basis of 600 points to 750 points, one is from less than 200 points to 700 points.

The development path of China’s space flight will be absolutely tested.

We should not be arrogant about what we have achieved, but we should not be arrogant.

Failure is not terrible, terrible is not the right to face failure, terrible is not from failure to grow.

We are not afraid of burning, we are not afraid of white heat, we are not afraid of the long road ahead, we are not afraid of road resistance and long.

China's space flight 2020: Samples from the moon and want to land on Mars

Keep improving, and you’ve lost your way. Photo credit: China Aerospace News

In 2020, the Long March 5 will undertake major missions such as the Mars rover and the Chang’e-5.

In 2020, the Long March V B carrier rocket for near-Earth orbit will make its maiden flight, and China’s new generation of manned spacecraft will be tested at the launch.

In 2020, the Long March 7 A and other multi-type new generation launch vehicles will also achieve the first flight.

Only through the pain of Phoenix Nirvana, there is nine days of phoenix dance gorgeous.

Only to fight for the future, not to bear the Burden of Hua, Chinese astronauts have been trying to run.

“Super 2020” is here.

We’re ready.

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