Overtime is prone to high blood pressure: 1 to 8 hours of overtime per week, the prevalence rate increased by 51%

2019 is just over. According to the calendar, there should be a total of 247 working days and 1976 working hours for the whole of 19 years. Well, given that 996 has become the annual Internet buzzword, it is estimated that this workload, many people a few months ago finished. All said 996 ICU, this 996 overtime to finish the work, it is easy to go into the ICU rest. People who work more than 10 hours a day have a 29% higher risk of stroke than the rest of the population! And working longer hours can affect more than just stroke, but blood pressure, a common risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases, increases as working hours increase.

A recent survey of 3,547 white-collar workers in three Quebec institutions, including Xavier Trudel and Alain Milot of the University of Quebec, found that people who worked less than 35 hours a week worked more than 49 hours a week and had a 70 percent increase in the incidence of hidden and persistent hypertension. And 66 percent of the work week 41 to 48 hours was also associated with a 51% increase in the incidence of hidden hypertension. The study was published in The 1st in The onta.

Overtime is prone to high blood pressure: 1 to 8 hours of overtime per week, the prevalence rate increased by 51%

(from pixabay.com)

Overtime is not a Chinese patent, and according to the International Labour Organization, about one-in-five workers around the world worked more than 48 hours a week at the beginning of this century, or more than the eight-hour work day a Saturday. Even in the economically advanced United States and Europe, 19 percent and 15 percent of people work more than 48 hours a week, according to two surveys in 2010 and 2015. As for the domestic overtime situation, do not need to say odd cake.

This work hours are longer and sleep must be affected. Like 996, it takes a few hours to commute to work a day, and the rest of the time is not enough to sleep, let alone exercise. Even every day to eat is afraid is fast food takeaway, high fat high salt, perhaps breakfast has not time to eat.

Lack of sleep, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet. If you run into a grumpy boss again, the work pressure is too high, this blood pressure is not high is difficult. As blood pressure is high, cardiovascular mortality can go up. In particular, the general amount of hidden hypertension, not easy to find, it is difficult to diagnose intervention in a timely manner.

Overtime is prone to high blood pressure: 1 to 8 hours of overtime per week, the prevalence rate increased by 51%

There are a lot of organs affected by high blood pressure (from pixabay.com)

In previous studies, however, the relationship between long work and blood pressure was not consistent because of the use of clinical measurements and even self-reporting to collect blood pressure data instead of the most accurate dynamic blood pressure monitoring (ABP). This time, the researchers used ABP to study 3,547 institutional workers in Quebec, Canada.

The 3,547-person job, which provides insurance services to ordinary Quebec residents, includes middle and senior management, professionals, technicians and office workers, and includes all white-collar positions.

In the first, third and five-year follow-up years, the researchers collected information from the participants three times to measure clinical blood pressure (CBP), and performed dynamic blood pressure monitoring from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. They also collected information on their work environment, work stress, and risk factors for hypertension, as well as gender, age, family history, diabetes, etc. A total of 6,733 records were collected.

Overtime is prone to high blood pressure: 1 to 8 hours of overtime per week, the prevalence rate increased by 51%

(from pixabay.com)

Based on the participants’ clinical and dynamic blood pressure, the researchers divided them into four categories according to the guidelines of the European Society of Hypertension: normal blood pressure (CBP?lt;140/90, ABP?lt;135/85), and white batospire hypertension (CBP 140/90)., ABP,135/85), hidden hypertension (CBP?lt;140/90, ABP s 135/85) and persistent hypertension (CBP s 140/90, ABP s 135/85). People who took antihypertensive drugs were also assigned patients with persistent hypertension.

Perhaps because of the institutions, the 6,733 records of these 3,547 people accounted for 10.1%, 86.3%, 2.7% and 0.9% of the 6,733 records of these 3,547 people working less than 35 hours per week, 36 to 40 hours, 41 to 48 hours and 49 hours or more, respectively. The corresponding average age was 46.7, 44.2, 46.4 and 48.2 years, respectively. Of those working less than 35 hours a week, 77.3 per cent were women, compared with almost half of the other working hours group. Among these people, the overall prevalence of hidden hypertension and persistent hypertension was 13.5% and 18.7%, respectively.

After all, there are very few overtimes in institutions. In addition to the 3,547, 33 people were enviable because they worked less than 21 hours a week and were not included in the study.

Overtime is prone to high blood pressure: 1 to 8 hours of overtime per week, the prevalence rate increased by 51%

Early detection can also intervene early (from pixabay.com)

After excluding the effects of age, gender, lifestyle, and even work stress, working more than 49 hours a week was still associated with a 70% increase in the incidence of hidden hypertension and a 66% increase in the incidence of persistent hypertension. Working 41 to 48 hours a week was also associated with a 51% increase in the incidence of hidden hypertension. The incidence of these two types of hypertension had little effect on the incidence of working 40 hours a week.

It has to be said that the eight-hour work week makes sense.

Moreover, this result has eliminated the effects of work stress. When you consider domestic companies, people who work overtime often have more stress at work and may have a higher risk of high blood pressure.

“People should be aware that long hours can affect their heart health, and if they work long hours, they should consult a doctor for dynamic blood pressure monitoring,” said trudel, the paper’s author. Hidden hypertension affects a person for a long time and, in the long run, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Our previous research has shown that about one-five people with hidden hypertension have never shown high blood pressure in a clinical setting for more than five years, which may delay diagnosis and treatment. “

How many hours you work each week should be as well as to vote for us.

References:

1。 Trudel X, Brisson C, Gilbert-Ouimet M, et al. Long Working Hours and the Prevalence of Masked And HotAndon. Beyonce, 2019: Ont. 119.12926。

2。 Messenger J C, Lee S, McCann D. Working time around the world: Trends in working hours, laws, and policies in a global comparative perspective. Routledge, 2007.

3。 Alterman T, Luckhaupt S E, Dahlhamer J M, et al. Prevalence rates of work organization characteristics among workers in the US: data from the 2010 National Health Intervie w Survey. American journal of industrial medicine, 2013, 56 (6): 647-659.

4。 Parent-Thirion A, Biletta I, Cabrita J, et al. Eurofound, sixth european working report-overview report (2017 update) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg Google Scholar, 2017.

5。 Banegas J R, Ruilope L M, de la Sierra A, et al. Relationship between clinic and ambuledy-blood pressure sands and mortality. New England Journal of Medicine, 2018, 378 (16): 1509-1520.

6。 Trudel X, Milot A, Brisson C. and progress Persistenceion of masked dysm on: a 5-year smouldive study. International journal of the pertin, 2013, 2013.

7。 O’BRIEN E. European Society of The National Society of The National Health Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring: European Society of The National Health ons for the end, ambuledand and home blood pressure s.j. J Hypertens, 2003, 21: 821-848.

Head image from pixabay.com

The author of this article . . . Kong Weifan

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