According tomedia reports, Australia is currently suffering from the worst forest fires on record, as far as the reasons seem easy to find. In its latest annual climate report for 2019, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) said it was the hottest and driest year on record for the continent, with the lowest rainfall on record.
The report showed that the region’s average temperature in 2019 was 1.52C above average (the 1961-1990 average), breaking the previous record set in 2013, when it was 1.33C above average. In addition, the average temperature in 2019 was also the highest on record – 2.09 degrees above average, and the average minimum temperature was above average.
Average temperatures in Australia in 2019
2019 also featured record single-month temperatures and one-day temperatures – January was Australia’s hottest month on record, and December 18 was the hottest day on record.
The year 2010-2019 was also the hottest on record, with 0.86C above average.
Australia has seen record low rainfall, with much of the country suffering from severe drought. Australia is understood to have received just 277.6mm of rain in 2019, well below the minimum of 314.5mm recorded in 1902. The national average rainfall is 40 per cent below the 1961-1990 average.
Average rainfall map for Australia in 2019
It is worth noting that there will be no El Nino in 2019, which is one of the reasons for the decrease in rainfall.
And in this record-breaking year the devastating fires have peaked. By the end of December, more than 12 million acres had been burned, more than 1600 homes had been destroyed and at least 18 people had been killed. For weeks, Sydney has been shrouded in smoke, with other cities such as Melbourne being affected from time to time, even in New Zealand, 2000km away.
The report is in line with other results from agencies such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which predicts 2019 could be the second-hottest year on record since 2016.