Scientists say water is accidentally disappearing from the surface of Mars. This process is much faster than our current understanding of the Red Planet suggests. The process of gradual disappearance of water occurs when sunlight and chemical processes turn water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen atoms that make up them, The Independent reported on January 9. When they are broken down, the weak gravity of Mars can’t hold them, and they disappear into space.
Previous studies have shown that the planet was once inundated with flowing water, much of which has disappeared in recent history on Mars.
The new findings are published in the journal Science. This was discovered by researchers using a microgas mission satellite. The Microgas Mission satellite was sent to the red planet in the Mars Space Biology program.
The report said the water did not stay on the surface of Mars as expected, but was raised to an altitude of more than 80 kilometers, suspended in the planet’s atmosphere, at a much larger rate than expected.
The researchers write that the atmosphere can contain up to 100 times more water vapor than the temperature theoretically allows.
Using the same data, the researchers found that water is more likely to escape during the planet’s warm and stormy seasons.
Now, the report says, Mars is largely dry: water freezes in the ice sheet. Although the composition of Mars suggests that it was once wetter, water has disappeared into space, and Mars is gradually becoming the most arid place it is now.
But there is some water on the surface of Mars, which is crucial to finding life that already exists on Mars and the possibility of human migration to Mars.