The first participants in the astronaut training course under the New Moon Landing Program “Artemis” graduated on the 10th after more than two years of training, including 11 NASA astronauts and two astronauts from the Canadian Space Agency, nearly half of whom were women. NASA announced the same day, the newly graduated U.S. astronauts, including Raja Charlie and other six men and Kayla Barron and five women, the total number of active-duty U.S. astronauts has increased to 48.
The two astronauts at the Canadian Space Agency are Joshua Kutrik and jennifer sadie-Gibbons.
Over the past two years, the students have received training in the International Space Station system, spacewalks, Russian and more. In the future, these astronauts may carry out missions to the International Space Station, the “Artemis” mission to the moon, and the mission to explore Mars.
U.S. President Donald Trump ordered u.S. astronauts to return to the moon and eventually to Mars in late 2017. The U.S. plan to return to the moon – “Artemis” is taken from the Greek mythical goddess of the moon, corresponding to the project to achieve the “first female astronaut to the moon” project. NASA plans to send its first female astronaut and a male astronaut to the moon in 2024.
The new astronauts ranged in age from 32 to 45, mostly from military backgrounds, and included researchers with backgrounds in biology, geology, aerospace and mechanical engineering. In 2017, NASA selected 12 astronaut candidates from more than 18,000 applicants, but 2018 astronaut candidate Rob Cullin withdrew “for personal reasons.”
According to the introduction, in the United States to apply for astronauts need to have a bachelor’s degree in engineering or science or more, as well as the relevant professional field of work experience of at least 3 years. In addition, the applicant’s height, vision and blood pressure and other physical conditions are also required. NASA is considering launching the next batch of astronaut candidates this spring.