Beijing time 13, 40 miles (60 kilometers) south of the Philippine capital of the Taal volcano eruption, triggering more than 50 earthquakes, spewing a large amount of ash and debris, lightning in the ash column. Manila airport was ordered to close and the Philippine Stock Exchange will be closed on Monday.
Evacuation sprees have begun and up to 200,000 people are planned to be relocated.
The government ordered schools to close, government departments shut down their offices and recommended that private enterprises close down.
The alert level was raised from one to four in less than 12 hours, and the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seisma said in a statement Sunday that dangerous explosive eruptions could occur within hours or days.