Reporters from China Aerospace Science and Technology Group Co. , Ltd. was informed that in 2019, in 102 rockets, 492 spacecraft in the world space launch map, China Aerospace launched a carrier rocket 34 times a year to occupy the top of the list again. By 2020, that number is expected to exceed 40 times, a record high.
“Super 2020” three major points of view: “crucial mission, high density, new rocket”
2020 is the end year of “13th Five-Year Plan” , but also the key year to fully launch the construction of a space power. At a press conference held on the same day, Shang Zhi, head of the Aerospace Affairs Department of China Aerospace Science and Technology Group, introduced the group’s 2020 space mission plan, saying: “This year’s space launch missions still maintain a high density trend, with a heavy mission and high launch density throughout the year.” “
He introduced, “heavy” mainly reflected in Beidou navigation, lunar exploration three, high-scoring special three major projects will be completed. In the first half of this year, Beidou Satellite Navigation Project will launch two GEO satellites to complete the construction of the entire Beidou 3 system. This year will also launch the Chang’e-5 probe, to achieve China’s first lunar sampling return, and choose the aircraft to carry out China’s first Mars exploration mission.
“High” is mainly reflected in the launch density, in 2020 China Aerospace Science and Technology Group space launch is expected to exceed 40 times, launchmore than 60 spacecraft, a new record high.
In addition, the New Long March V B, The Long March 7 A, the Long March 8 3 new generation carrier rocket will achieve its first flight in 2020, giving this year’s space mission “new” features. Long March V B is China’s existing low-orbit carrying capacity of the largest launch vehicle, its first flight will open the chinese manned space station mission stage, Long March 7 A as China’s first new generation of medium-sized high-orbit rocket, high-orbit satellite launch strategic layout is of great significance The first flight of the Long March 8 will fill the important gap of China’s solar synchronous orbit carrying capacity and become the main force in the space launch and commercial space market.
Shang Zhi introduced that each launch of the Long March 5 carrier rocket has touched the hearts of the people of China, last year’s successful launch of the long five-year-three rocket, for China’s follow-up engineering tasks laid a solid foundation. This year, the Long March 5 series of launch vehicles arranged a total of three launches, respectively, a new generation of manned spacecraft test ships, Mars rover and Chang’e V probe.
According to him, in 2020, China Aerospace Science and Technology Group will also launch a number of civil space infrastructure operational satellites, such as Ocean Series, Resource III, to meet the needs of national economic construction and scientific and technological development; Long March XI and other launch vehiclecommercial launch, to meet the domestic and foreign commercial satellite applications and launch needs.
In 2019, China leads the world in the number of space launches
The Blue Book of China’s Space Science and Technology Activities (2019) (hereinafter referred to as the “Blue Book”) by the Space Watch think tank of the Beijing Institute of Space Science and Technology Information was also released. Blue Book from the world’s space development trend, China’s space launch activities, China’s space science and technology innovation, China’s space application services, China’s international space cooperation, China’s commercial space progress and other six chapters of a comprehensive review of space science and technology activities.
In 2019, countries around the world attach great importance to the strategic position of space flight, and have been promoting the relevant strategic deployment, the world space launch activities continue to maintain a high degree of activity. According to the Blue Book, 102 launches were carried out globally, the second highest since 1991, and a record 492 spacecraft were launched.
Among them, China completed a total of 34 space launches, ranking first in the world for two consecutive years. But there is still a big gap with the United States in terms of the quantity and quality of the payloads launched.
As the leading force of China’s space science and technology industry, China Aerospace Science and Technology Group will carry out 27 launches in 2019, including the successful launch of the Long March 5 remote three carrier rocket, the first offshore launch of the Long March 11 carrier rocket and other major launch missions of concern The quality of the spacecraft developed and launched accounted for 91.7% of the total quality of China’s developed and launched spacecraft, and the number of rockets developed and launched by aerospace enterprises and the total tonnage of spacecraft were the first of the two lists.
The data also show that by the end of 2019, the Long March series of launch vehicles developed by China Aerospace Science and Technology Group had carried out a total of 323 launch missions, successfully put more than 500 spacecraft into orbit, the number of spacecraft launched accounted for 93.1% of china’s total launch, and the launch spacecraft accounted for 98.7% of china’s total launch quality. , is the absolute main carrier rocket of China’s space.
Beidou, lunar exploration, high-score engineering significant progress commercial launch services into the fast lane
The Blue Book points out that in 2019, China’s major space projects and projects have been steadily advancing, with the successful realization of the first soft landing and inspection of the moon’s back by the Human Probe at the beginning of the year, and the successful launch of the First Flight Test Star of the Oriental Red 5 satellite platform by the Long March 5 rocket at the end of the year, “with a series of landmark engineering breakthroughs, Milestone scientific and technological innovation has strongly strengthened China’s scientific and technological strength and comprehensive national strength.”
This year, China successfully launched 10 Beidou navigation satellites, Beidou 3 system core constellation deployment completed, global coverage and service capabilities to further improve; In terms of manned spaceflight, the Tiangong-2 space laboratory, which has been in orbit for more than 1,000 days, is under controlled deorbiting; In the deep space exploration, the Fourth has made important scientific achievements, and the plans of The 6th, 7th and 8th are announced to the public, and the first Mars exploration mission lander hover barrier test has been successfully carried out, which has laid an important foundation for the first Mars exploration in China. In terms of space transportation system, China’s current carrying capacity of the new generation of carrier rocket Long March 5 successfully carried out the third launch; In addition, the first-stage drop zone control technology based on the grid rudder system and the key technology of heavy launch vehicle engine have also made breakthroughs.
While the country’s major space engineering missions are booming, China has followed the world’s pace of commercial space development and made important progress. According to the Blue Book, in 2019, China has developed and launched more than 40 commercial satellites, mainly microsatellites under 100 kg, covering communications, remote sensing, technology testing and other fields. The number of satellite manufacturing subjects is growing rapidly, showing the trend of echelonization and diversification.
Commercial space launches this year have also been very active. According to the Blue Book, the Long March series of launch vehicles continue to provide “carpooling” and “car” services, is still a major force in the commercial launch market: the Long March XI in the “one arrow multi-star” way to complete three commercial launches of 16 satellites, the Long March 6 in the “one arrow five stars” way, the five Ningxia 1 satellite into the scheduled orbit.
In addition to the “Long March” family, China Aerospace Science and Technology Group launched a commercial launch vehicle “Geelong-1” also successfully carried out the first launch, put three satellites into a predetermined orbit. In addition, other manufacturers developed the Clipper One A, Hypercurve DI, OS-M1 and other commercial launch vehicles have also carried out a number of launches, commercial launch services into the development of the fast lane.