Just now, in Florida, where U.S. rocket launches are common, SpaceX has completed a special launch mission — the first in the history of human aviation. The Falcon 9 rocket, carrying the capsule, exploded less than two minutes after launch. But don’t panic, everything is planned. They just want to test with action: If the rocket explodes after liftoff, will the astronauts successfully escape and return safely to Earth?
9 minutes 04 seconds, the capsule safely “dropped in the water.” Musk gave a positive answer.
It also means that Space X’s plan to send people into space is almost unstoppable.
It’s a small step in human interstellar exploration, but it’s a big step in the evolution of SpaceX for civil space, and a key step in Musk’s mars colonization plan.
Once again, Musk made history.
Destroying the Falcon 9 in public: “The most expensive fireworks ever”
It was a long-planned explosion.
Before the rocket launch, he shared the best “watch fireworks” spot, Port Canaveral Beach:
So on the other side of the ocean, there was also a Spring Festival:
At 11:30 p.m. Beijing time on January 20, the rocket was finally launched, one day and two hours and 30 minutes later than originally planned.
The scene burst into a cry of exclaims.
But soon, everyone held their breath, because the next rocket was going to separate from the capsule.
In one minute and 24 seconds or so, the rocket was more than 1600 km/h, the engine went out, and the eight thrusters on the capsule ignited at the same time, reaching maximum thrust, and the capsule ejected.
The Falcon 9, in the process of falling down, completed its historic mission — exploding as planned.
What a big firework! The most expensive kick in human history.
But the entire test didn’t end there, and the capsule, with the help of a booster, was moving further away from the exploding rocket.
After 2 minutes and 25 seconds, the capsule separated from the thruster and fell into the Atlantic Ocean in a free-fall shape.
After 4 minutes and 45 seconds, the two parachutes unfold:
5 minutes and 36 seconds, four parachutes throw, 20 seconds after full yafter.
Although there are only two “fakes” in the capsule, the capsule rescue team that remains in the Atlantic Ocean has also begun operations to search and rescue the target waters.
On the one hand, the integrity of the testing process, and on the other, these dummys and space capsules also record more detailed data that can help determine what impact this behavior will have on the human body in the future.
After 9 minutes and 02 seconds, the capsule fell perfectly into the Atlantic Ocean.
The test was successful!!!
Milestones in manned spaceflight
The test was designed to demonstrate Space X’s back-up program to respond to the extremes of manned spaceflight and bring astronauts safely back to Earth.
It is arguably an important part of Space X’s partnership with NASA and a key node in NASA’s re-entry of astronauts into space.
To that end, SpaceX has been developing a new capsule called Crew Dragon for the past six years and has demonstrated through a series of demonstrations that its aircraft is safe and capable of doing the job.
Crew Dragon Internal Structure
At the heart of the entire back-up program is an escape system that embeds eight thrusters in the capsule’s casing, called the SuperDraco engine. The ability to generate 120,000 pounds of axial thrust in a second.
On May 6, 2015, Crew Dragon successfully conducted a launch termination test in which eight SuperDracos ignited simultaneously and reached maximum thrust, taking Crew Dragon off the launch pad at a maximum speed of 345 mph in a matter of seconds, then ending the combustion and the backbone falling off. The parachute is activated and the spacecraft lands smoothly in the Atlantic Ocean.
Video is 2 times the speed
This time it was put into action, and a complete, full-process test was conducted in flight.
And in terms of time nodes, this time also selected the rocket launch process of the maximum pressure point, that is, the most complex state of force.
In order to get NASA’s approval, it is also a great effort.
The Falcon 9, which was tested, has carried out three missions, and the bombing was glorious.
But the cost is still high – the total cost of a Falcon 9 rocket is about $50m, or about $340m.
SpaceX has also teamed up to recover rocket debris after the test.
Of course, the success of this test is not just about the smooth progress of SpaceX’s partnership with NASA, but also a milestone in the course of manned spaceflight.
The rocket crash, which left astronauts largely difficult to survive, has also brought a lot of grief to space, and now, after successful testing, NASA will approve SpaceX’s routine manned flight slot to and from the International Space Station.
When humans go into space, they really feel like flying to another city. And that’s the atmosphere Musk has been trying to create.
Colonmars, Musk has been working
Build rockets step by step, in order to prove the safety of the system, even at the expense of the public bombing of rockets to test the safety system.
For Musk, the core goal has not changed – colonizing Mars.
As early as 2016, Musk unveiled a detailed plan for colonizing Mars at the International Astronautical Congress.
And released the Design of the Big Fucking Spaceship.
For a time to stir up a thousand waves, in many people sneer, there are many people think Musk crazy.
But “crazy” as Musk doesn’t care too much about what others think.
At the 2017 International Astronautical Congress, he came up with a very detailed plan – 39 pages of PPT.
Details of the project’s progress, as well as the latest big rocket design, the Mars City construction plan, and even the idea of using rockets to travel between cities on Earth: it takes only 30 minutes to reach every corner of the planet.
At the same time, Space X is also actively promoting the Falcon 9 and other rocket seilife, to take nasa orders to further continue to fund the colonization of Mars program to pay for the early investment.
By September 2019, everything will be different.
The more daring Musk launched the big rocket, Starship, and the colonial Mars program is finally no longer talktalk, more concrete.
Starship is billed as the world’s strongest rocket, capable of carrying up to 100 tons of payloads to Mars and the moon, but also carrying more than 100 passengers – and long-term interstellar travel.
Of course, Musk at the launch site also did not forget to make a boast: two months to test flights, six months into orbit.
This time Musk didn’t delay, and on November 20, 2019, Starship had a stress test, and then exploded.
Later, Musk tweeted that this version of Starship is just a valuable pathfinder for manufacturing, and that the second generation prototype has been built in a Florida plant, and that it will continue with the third generation of design.
Despite the setback, six months into orbit is basically no drama. But Musk’s dream has not been ridiculed as it was in previous years.
Because he has proved with action that these are not daydreams, but plans that are becoming a reality.
Just before the rocket was blasted, Musk tweeted on Twitter to “promote” his Mars program.
By 2030, he said, 1,000 humans will be sent to Mars, and by 2050 that number will be 1 million.
Starship is designed for this purpose, with an average of three flights a day, 1,000 flights per year, with a load of more than 100 tons per flight, and 10 ships able to put millions of tons into orbit each year.
To that end, 100 Starship ships will be built each year, 1,000 will be built in 10 years, and a million migrants will be sent to Mars by 2050.
But what are the prerequisites for sending people to Mars?
Safety, of course, and response under extreme conditions.
No, the Falcon 9 blows up in public, isn’t it just a way for Musk to blow up?
This next let people ride Musk’s rocket, estimated that the heart will be a lot of down-to-earth it.
The first astronauts to fly a falcon 9 into space.
After the test, Musk sent the Falcon 9 to heaven, essentially nailing it.
The corresponding candidates, American astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, have already been decided.
Come on, let’s get to know them first:
Bob Behnken, full name Robert Louis Behnken.
Born July 28, 1970, in Cliff Kul, Missouri, he is a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering, an officer in the U.S. Air Force, an astronaut and former astronaut director. Behnken holds the position of U.S. Air Force Colonel and has more than 1,000 hours of pilot experience on 25 different aircraft.
Behnken, a STS-123 mission, participated in three spacewalks during the mission in March 2008 and, as a mission specialist for the STS-130, carried out three more spacewalks during the mission in February 2010.
In September 2015, four astronauts were selected as piloted by NASA’s Commercial Crew program.
Doug Hurley, full name Douglas Gerald Hurley.
Born October 21, 1966, a civil engineer and NASA astronaut. The former Navy pilot, the first pilot to fly the Boeing F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornet, has more than 5,500 hours of driving experience on 25 aircraft.
In 2009, he was a pilot on the SPACE STS-127 mission and in 2011 as a pilot on the space shuttle Atlantis, performing the STS-135 mission. More than 683 hours in space.
In July 2015, bob Behnken was selected as one of the first astronauts in commercial space flights in the United States.
Although the exact time point of manned flight has not yet been determined.
But Musk also revealed some details, as they prepare to arrive at the launch site in February and spend two weeks aboard the Falcon 9 to the space station when conditions are in place.
Astronauts are missions, but others who want to go to Mars have to pay for themselves.
However, Musk also considered this scenario.
Asked earlier how he would be chosen as a participant in colonial Mars, Musk offered a cheerful answer: “Anyone who wants to go goes, no one with money can borrow.” “
He went on to explain that this is an important reason for his hoarding of wealth – helping people pay for travel to Mars.
But it’s not charity, Musk said, and there are plenty of jobs on Mars that can work for money.