The paper piracy site “Sci-Hub” is supported by many researchers, which allows users to view academic papers that are originally available for a fee for free. However, Sci-Hub “leads to the collapse of the academic community order,” david Nicholas, a part-time lecturer at the University of Tennessee and a research firm at CIBER Research, argues on the London School of Economics blog. However, in order to refer to past academic papers, you need to pay the subscription fee and order a back number or log in to the online paper site. However, there is a problem that elsevier of a major academic publishing company is too high a subscription fee, and it appeared in such a situation is Sci-Hub, a pirated site that publishes papers that can only be viewed for a fee free of charge. With the advent of Sci-Hub, universities have been cutting off their thesis subscription agreements.
Who Created sci-hub, a paper piracy site
Since 2016, Nicholas has followed up on 116 young researchers from China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Malaysia, Poland and Spain to track their behavior in the academic community. The study found that the Sci-Hub epidemic was tremendous, with about a quarter of the surveyed using Sci-Hub in 2018. The highest use of Sci-Hub was in France, and most young researchers used Sci-Hub, according to the report. In Spain and Poland, the utilization rate was about 33%, and Malaysia was not so popular, but it was found that the utilization rate was increasing year by year in both countries. Meanwhile, Nicholas believes that Sci-Hub was the lowest in the United States and the United Kingdom, with the american and British university libraries in full capacity. It was also revealed that while access to Sci-Hub is prohibited in China, some young researchers use Sci-Hub.
Sci-Hub is a paper viewing site, so it does not have social media features like ResearchGate. That’s why the appeal of Sci-Hub, which attracts young researchers, is clearly “free access to millions of papers illegally collected from academic publishers’ sites,” Nicholas points out. Sci-Hub is almost the only way for young researchers to provide open access to academic papers and is supported by a movement to promote open access to papers. “Sci-Hub’s growth is almost ideological, and in fact Sci-Hub is seen like the legendary bandit Robin Hood,” Nicholas said. But Nicholas points out that with the rise of Sci-Hub, there is also a sci-hub clone site. A clone site seems to provide users with access to the paid paper subscription service of academic publishers at a low price, but this access right is used to hack the site of the academic publisher or It is said that it is procured by plagiarism of the ID used in the library. “Sci-Hub has a great chance of disrupting the order of things,” Nicholas said, arguing that it would be the “ultimate disruptor” of the academic community, including academic publishers and libraries.
Sci-Hub is strongly supported by young researchers, is no longer an underground platform, has little negative opinion on Sci-Hub, and more and more users. But Nicolas said, “The big question is whether Sci-Hub exists in the long run. We don’t know the answer at the moment, but just as the file-sharing site Napster has greatly shaken the music industry, Sci-Hub may be a precursor to the collapse of the academic community,” he said. “Sci-Hub is a pure, shameless ‘pirate’ with no ads and no monetization that collects social media features or user data.”