In an academic study published last year, researchers created a tool called PolicyLint to analyze the language used in the privacy policies of 11,430 Play Store applications. They found that 14.2% of Android apps contradicted their privacy policies and data collection practices.
However, they also found evidence to the contrary. For example, the team found that 59 Apps used online services to automatically generate privacy policies. A more in-depth look at these online services revealed that these contradictory claims are part of the template itself, not what the application developer added.
However, most other privacy policies are unique to every application. In these cases, the application developers could face fines from EU and US privacy regulators, the team said. Contradictory statements could lead to mandatory fines for developers imposed by the EU FTC and dPA (Data Protection Authority).