NASA’s Mars 2020 probe will be the most complex and powerful scientific device the agency has ever launched to the Red Planet,media reported. It is equipped with a variety of instruments that will be used to collect data on Mars, the most interesting of which is its new “SuperCam”.
SuperCam is the evolution of Curiosity’s ChemCam camera, with powerful laser tools that can hit small rocks from a far away, but why would it do that? It is understood that NASA will use another high-tech instrument to conduct research directly using another high-tech instrument to find clues to the composition of the rock itself.
“Like its predecessor, ChemCam, SuperCam can use an infrared laser beam to heat the material it hits to a temperature of about 18,000 degrees Fahrenheit (010,000 degrees Celsius) — a method known as laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and then evaporate,” NASA said. A special camera can determine the chemical composition of these rocks from the plasma produced. “
In addition, SuperCam has an interesting added feature, a microphone that allows the detector’s controller to listen and hear the sound that comes from every time a laser hits the target.
In response, Sylvestre Maurice of the Institute of Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences said in a statement that the microphone has a practical purpose: it can tell researchers about distant rock targets, and it can also be used to directly record the sounds of The Martian landscape or the sound of the probe’s mast spinning.