According to a new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA), global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions are the same in 2019 as in the previous year,media reported. The result, while giving a sense of optimism, is better to be cautious about, as it is certainly better than sustained growth, but it may still be just the beginning of a pause rather than the long-term downward trend that people expect.
To prevent the worst of climate change, humanity needs to reduce carbon dioxide emissions as soon as possible. Even so, global emissions are increasing year by year. This means that not only are humans not beginning to solve the problem, but they are also making it worse.
But the latest report from the IEA offers a glimmer of hope. Global emissions will remain at 33 billion tons in 2019, the same as in 2018, the agency said. After two years of sustained growth, this is a good shift.
The report explains that the decline in emissions is mainly due to the shift from developed economies to renewable energy. Wind and solar have played a bigger role, with more countries shifting from coal to natural gas, and the proportion of nuclear power generation becoming higher. In other words, the decline in some regions offset sgrowth in others, balancing carbon emissions. Of all the countries, the United States saw the biggest drop in emissions, by 140 million tons, by 160 million tons in the European Union and 45 million tons by Japan.
Overall, the stagnation in emissions growth at least represents a good direction now, but it is not enough on its own. There have been instances in the past where there has been no growth in one year but a rebound the following year. It is encouraging that human efforts to control emissions can have a positive effect.
Dr. Fatih Birol, executive director of the IEA, said the stagnation gave them reason to believe that humanity could meet the climate challenges of this century, “and it is evidence of the ongoing clean energy transition and a sign that we have an opportunity to actually drive emissions reductions through more ambitious policies and investments.” “