The World Health Organization has announced the New Coronary Virus caused by the English name “COVID-19”, the International Committee of Virological Classification announced that the virus in English name “SARS-CoV-2”, but the relevant officials stressed that “there is no link between the name and SARS disease.”
So what’s the name of infectious diseases and viruses?
There is a principle for disease naming
WHO Director-General Tan Desai announced in Geneva, Switzerland on the 11th, the new coronavirus infection pneumonia named “COVID-19.” “Under the common guidelines of WHO, the World Organization for Animal Health and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, we must find a name that does not involve geography, animals, individuals or people, and is easily pronounced and disease-related,” Tanderse said. “
In 2015, agencies such as WHO proposed guidelines for naming newly discovered infectious diseases, advocating the use of gender-neutral, generic terms in place of names for people, places, animals, food and occupations.
This is because the names of some infectious diseases in the past have led to stigma and other adverse consequences. In 2009, for example, the name “swine flu” led some countries to “talk about pig color change” and even restricted the pork trade and ordered the slaughter of pigs, after WHO declared the disease officially known as influenza A(H1N1). Like The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which appeared in some parts of the Middle East in 2012, has been controversial because the disease name contains the geographical name “Middle East”.
In the wake of the new outbreak of pneumonia, international researchers have used several different English names to share relevant information. The new name “COVID-19” announced by WHO contains english shorthand for coronaviruses, 2019 and more, which is easier to spell. WHO says the new name could provide a standard format for other coronavirus-related diseases that may emerge in the future.
New members of the coronavirus
The name of a disease is not necessarily similar to the name of the virus that causes the disease. Sometimes the two are similar, such as measles and measles viruses, and sometimes the names of viruses originate in other ways, such as rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, etc. based on the location of the infection.
The International Committee on Virological Classification announced on its official website on the 11th that the new coronavirus in English named “SARS-CoV-2”. John Zieble, chairman of the International Committee on Viral Classification’s Coronary Virus Research Group, said they had proposed the name based on taxonomy studies such as genetic sequencing, “which is not associated with SARS disease,” the journal Science reported Tuesday. Zhong Nanshan academician 9 in an interview with the media also said that the new coronavirus and SARS coronavirus is the same class, but not the same.
The results of genetic sequencing and other studies show that the emerging coronavirus and SARS coronavirus belong to the coronavirus family of the beta-coronavirus.
The Coronary Virus Research Group published a paper on the preprinted website bioRxiv describing their classification of the virus.
The researchers say it is a new member of the coronavirus community. There are currently seven types of coronaviruses known to infect humans, which can cause more serious diseases such as SARS coronavirus, which was raging in 2003, and MERS coronaviruses that have affected Saudi Arabia, South Korea and other places in previous years.
According to media reports, some experts disagree on the name proposed by the International Committee on Virological Classification and are discussing the possibility of promoting the renaming.