As of February 17, the new coronavirus infection caused more than 70,000 people to develop infectious pneumonia and nearly 2,000 patients died. Is the epidemic so fierce that our pets carry the virus? Does being exposed to wild animals increase the risk of carrying or contracting the virus when playing outdoors? How should pets be protected? What attitude should we take towards wild animals? Let me talk about these questions.
Product: Sina Science and Technology”, “Science Everybody”
Writing: Sun Quanhui, A scientist with the World Society for the Protection of Animals, Ph.D. in Zoology, has long been engaged in endangered species protection, wildlife rescue and public science education. Joined the World Society for the Protection of Animals in 2011 as a scientist in the China Office and working in project management
First of all, there is no scientific evidence that cats and dogs are infected with the virus, and no cases of cats and dogs infected with the new coronavirus have been found. This has also been clarified by domestic experts.
All kinds of pets
Out of love and curiosity, some people keep or watch wild animals as pets, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and animals, which we call exotic pets (“exotic”). They may come from wild or wild breeding descendants, and often from other countries and regions.
All wild animals should not be kept as pets. Keeping wild animals as pets will bring great suffering to wild animals, threaten the survival of wild populations, and may also lead to a sharp rise in zoonotic diseases, ecological invasion and other risks. The best protection for wild animals is to keep them in their wild habitat.
Breeding of an out-of-favour pet poses a threat to human health. The biological characteristics of wild animals make them unsuitable for pet ownership, and their aggressiveness, toxicity, and many pathogen scouncities can also have serious or even fatal effects on human health. Studies show that about 61% of the 1,410 human diseases studied are caused by animal-borne causes. Of the approximately 200 zoonotic diseases known so far, at least 70 are related to exotic pets. (There have been cases where you can search for news, showing salmonella, parrot fever, snake bites, crocodile bites, and so on.) )
The history of large-scale captive exploitation of wild animals is only a few decades, while the history of livestock and poultry domestication by humans is thousands of years. There is no research evidence that existing wild animals can be domesticated again, because the successful domestication of animals is the result of a number of historical factors, a process that cannot be replicated in modern times. In captivity, captive wild animals may bebehave in a tame manner, but they are not domesticated because their genes are not adaptable.
Wildlife itself is part of nature. For people, should maintain a certain distance from wild animals is also the protection of human beings themselves, to avoid “close contact” with wild animals. Some wild animals are hosts of viruses, bacteria and parasites, and if humans use wild animals for recreation, pets and medicines against the laws of nature, they may increase the risk of the spread of these viruses, bacteria and parasites to humans and may endanger human health. Some viruses are even fatal to humans, and there are no specific drugs available.
Bats, for example, may carry more than 100 viruses, pangolins, hedgehogs, snakes and other bodies have a large number of parasites, raccoons or rabies natural host.
But the most important thing is to respect the safe distance between people and wildlife, do not disturb, do not touch. Wild animals are also zoonotic diseases, not the elimination of all animals that may threaten human safety.
Preventing close contact between pets and wild animals can reduce the risk of zoonotic disease stoic disease.
Does killing stray cats and dogs help the outbreak?
First, there is currently no scientific evidence that cats and dogs are infected with the new coronavirus, and no cases of cats and dogs infected with the new coronavirus have been found. There is no need to kill stray animals. Authorities such as the World Health Organization and many media outlets have also made it clear.
We have repeatedly appealed to all of us to keep calm and rational thinking without spreading rumors and disbelief. For existing companion animals, do not abandon, let alone maliciously harm them.
This cull can only exacerbate the public’s misunderstanding of pets, cause unnecessary panic, increase the behavior of abandoned pets, so that the management of stray animals even worse. Relevant departments should also guide pet owners to manage their pets scientifically and do a good job of protection and cleaning.
Especially for dog management, culling can destroy the local already formed rabies immune barrier, affecting rabies prevention work. The most urgent task in controlling the outbreak is to effectively prevent and control the spread of the new coronavirus between people.
After SARS, some areas have taken action against fruit beavers farmed and sold on the market. But this kind of “dead sheep make up” behavior is not the fundamental solution to the problem. Only by fasting game at the legislative level and strengthening law enforcement supervision can we completely root out the habit of eating game.
Finally, in the absence of scientific basis, the culling of stray animals is not only unnecessary, but also an extreme act of animal cruelty, which will arouse the disgust of local residents and cause unnecessary controversy.
Could pangolins be a potential intermediate host for the new coronavirus?
While more evidence is needed that pangolins are directly related to the outbreak, it is urgent to protect pangolins.
Pangolins live in 51 countries around the world, all of which are listed as endangered. It is estimated that between 2000 and 2013, more than 1 million pangolins were stolen and traded. Between 2010 and 2015, 67 countries and territories on six continents reported a total of 1,270 pangolin sending fines, resulting in the total penalty of 120 tons of pangolins and 46,000 individuals. The reason for poaching is the boasting and exaggeration of pangolin stoic efficacy, which has created a huge demand for the market and led to a global poaching.
At present, there is no scientific evidence that pangolin scales are medically effective, and alternative herbs are being developed, but this has not stopped the poaching of pangolins. The wildlife market has a serious impact on the population of pangolins. And this outbreak also further shows that the commercial use of wild animals there are still a great public health risk. The strongest way to address this black chain of interests is to ban the global wildlife trade, an important step in preventing another outbreak of deadly diseases.
Whether it is wild animals or domestic pets, we should treat them scientifically and correctly and protect them.
Eat game, how can we put an end to it?
Both wild animals and companion animals (cats and dogs) are victims of disease and should not be victims of satisfying people’s appetites.
For people who eat game, nothing but the pursuit of vanity, think that can eat game is a status symbol, as well as by unscrupulous merchants misleading superstition of the so-called “efficacy” of game, in addition to the trend of curiosity, hope to taste fresh, in fact, wild animal meat regardless of taste or nutrition are very low.
To eliminate game, the country needs to improve the relevant laws and regulations, and strengthen law enforcement. All parties need to step up public ity in this regard to guide the public to understand the welfare of edible wild animals and health, ecological and legal risks, so that the public to abandon the practice of eating game. Network platforms should also strengthen the supervision of sensitive information, do not let criminals take advantage of, the public also has the responsibility and obligation to report online wildlife violations to law enforcement agencies. Wild animals and companion animals are not food, and consumers should refuse to eat wild animals and companion animals, both to protect animals and to protect their own health and safety.
What to do with domestic wildlife
Wildlife protection is a public welfare cause, the practice of treating wild animals as resources and treating them with industrial management is the root cause of the current confusion in the field of wildlife protection, and the repeated prohibition of various illegal activities.
From the point of view of epidemic prevention and control, wild and farmed wild animals can spread the virus, which will bring public health risks. Of course, in the short term, the wildlife industry will encounter cold currentdifficults, but long pain is not as short pain, otherwise it will repeat the same mistakes. In addition, the consumption of wild animals there are food safety, violationof the law and other risks. What’s more, in today’s society we don’t need to eat wild animals to meet our protein needs.
In short, eating wild animals is far more harmful than good, should be completely abandoned, never suffer.
There are consumer problems with eating wild animals, such as flaunting identity, status, privilege, historical heritage, etc., but what is really driving consumption is that current laws still allow the breeding and use of wild animals for commercial purposes. Therefore, the blame for eating wild animals can not be blamed on ordinary consumers, otherwise it is suspected of the wildlife protection department to exonerate responsibility, transfer problems. It is suggested that we should learn the profound lessons of this epidemic and review and reflect on the deep-seated problems in the existing wildlife protection system and mechanism.
In the long run, there should be a total ban on wildlife trading in order to prevent a similar outbreak from re-occurring.
For wildlife, the best way to do this is to keep your distance from them and protect their natural habitat. The natural environment is the home of wild animals, we should not catch, buy, rear, eat, contact with wild animals, find illegal trade in wild animals, to promptly report to the public security organs and other law enforcement departments.
For partner pets, since the choice to breed, should fulfill the corresponding responsibility, treat the partner animals, do not abandon, do not abuse, to meet their basic needs. During the outbreak, do a good job of cleaning individuals and pets. Don’t blindly abandon, expel or even hurt them. For potential breeders on the sidelines, think twice before choosing a companion animal, don’t buy and adopt cats and dogs blindly, and don’t give them as a surprise gift. Only making sure that you and your family can take care of a cat and dog for 15 to 20 years is a responsible choice for them and for yourself.
Finally, share tips on how to keep pets in the context of an outbreak:
How do I disinfect my pet?
Whether or not they are in an outbreak area, the owner should do a good job of protecting themselves and their pets.
In this regard, the World Society for the Protection of Animals gave eight recommendations:
Pay attention to the health of dogs and cats, prevent disease in daily care, and reduce the chances of going to a veterinary clinic at this time.
When the owner comes home from outside, wash his hands with soap before touching the pet.
Always wash your hands with soap and water when you go home with your dog or cat. Wipe your pet’s hair with a wet wipe, especially on your face and paws. Take a bath of dogs regularly (cats do not need to bathe without going out). Regularly give dogs, cats to extorify insects.
Minimize the number of outings and control your time out. Out-of-town dog please bring a good mask, avoid people to many places, recommend the wrong peak travel. If available, also wear a special mouth cover to the dog to prevent it from picking up unidentified objects as much as possible.
Wear tow ropes for dogs to avoid unnecessary contact with other animals or people. In particular, try not to bring pets into the wild, reduce the chances of contact with wild animals.
Do not let your pet get close to the faeces of other animals, and do not discard your pet’s faeces at will. Timely clean up the dog’s excreta, reduce community hygiene pressure, keep the environment clean and healthy.
Regular cleaning and disinfection of pet supplies, such as traction rope, mouth cover, basin, basin, cat sand basin and so on.
Regular window ventilation, the use of dog, cat-friendly disinfection products, appropriate disinfection of the indoor environment.
The World Health Organization says there is no evidence that pets are infected with the virus. Please refer to:
There are three main options for foster families when disinfecting them:
Choose pet-safe disinfectants. These disinfectants are not toxic to people or animals, and even if pets are not fatal if they are accidentally licking them. Use after dilution according to the instructions, safe and sterilizing.
If you need to use 84 disinfectant, bleach and other items, you should first place the pet in a non-sterilizing space. These disinfectants should be diluted in strict proportion, and must be washed secondaryly. Let the cat and dog enter the disinfection space after the disinfection is complete and completely volatile (about 30 minutes). Do not clean the cat sand basin with 84 or bleach. Do not mix 84 with clean toilet. Because chlorine-containing disinfectants are combined with urine and alcohol to produce toxic gases.
Cat lick84 disinfectant may indeed appear “drooling, vomiting” and other symptoms, but usually not serious to urine blood (winter for the high incidence of urinary system diseases, if urine blood recommendations at the same time to check other urinary system diseases).
Parents in the use of 84 disinfectant, must be diluted enough multiples (1:99), the original liquid must be well received.
Drag and wipe furniture and other objects, to isolate the cat into different rooms. After 30 minutes, scrub 2-3 times with water and put the cat into the room.
If the cat licking the dilution multiple is not enough 84, drooling, vomiting 1 to 2 times, there is still appetite, you can use the stomach to protect the gastrointestinal mucosa, a large number of water;
Symptoms slightly heavier can be a small amount of milk feeding (but if not raw liquid, usually not so high toxicity, not recommended to drink milk, but there is lactose intolerance);
If serious vomiting occurs due to licking the original fluid (no appetite, vomiting 3 to 5 times and above), it is recommended to go to the hospital to stop vomiting needles.