A new study published in the journal Science and Technology of Korea has revealed that they have developed a durable, economical catalyst that can recycle greenhouse gases into ingredients that can be used in fuels, hydrogen and other chemicals, according tomedia reports.
The catalyst, made from cheap and abundant nickel, magnesium and palladium, is a nickel-vanium nanoparticle formed in a reduced environment where magnesium oxide is present, triggering and accelerating the rate of reaction that converts carbon dioxide and methane into hydrogen, which can last up to over a month, the researchers said.
This conversion, known as “dry recombination,” converts harmful gases such as carbon dioxide into chemicals that can be used in fuels, plastics and even drugs. Previously, this process required rare metals such as platinum and palladium to produce the chemical reaction.
The researchers named the catalyst the single crystal edge nanocatalyst (NOSCE), which closes its high-energy active site in the reaction and permanently positions the nanoparticles, meaning the catalyst does not produce carbon build-up.
The researchers say they believe the NOSCE mechanism will significantly improve other inefficient catalytic responses and further reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which could be a revolutionary outcome in reversing global warming.