The remains of a Neanderthal man that was first exhumed decades ago have reignited the debate over what is known as a “Neanderthal funeral ceremony,” suggesting that it may not be a ritual unique to modern humans, according tomedia Slash Gear. Archaeologists have recently further studied the remains of Neanderthals at the Shanidar Cave site in Iraq’s Kurdish region.
Neanderthals are believed to have died as a result of climate change, disease and the migration of modern human ancestors in the Eurasian region in which they lived from mid-to-late Pleistocene. Neanderthals have a strong bone, shorter limbs and a larger nose. The use of Neanderthaltechnology and its social etiquette have been the focus of academic debate.
An important difference in opinion was concentrated at the funeral, which was closely related to the remains found in the Shanidar cave. The cave was first discovered in 1960 by archaeologist Ralph Solecki and has 35 different remains. Of the 35 remains, 10 are believed to be Neanderthals.
Investigations of the remains at the time showed that Neanderthals were more complex than many believed. Four bones found along with a pile of ancient pollen have sparked debate about Neanderthal funeral ceremonies. However, the theory is still divided.
Now, the new study is back in the discussion. Solecki, who died in 2019, has been repeatedly hampered by excavationeffort satout satiouts at Shanidar Cave, but the Kurdistan Regional Government has invited a team led by the University of Cambridge to further explore the site.
Fred Lewsey, of the University of Cambridge, wrote: “Sirecki found Neanderthals between 3 and 7 metres underground, with the idea of re-excavation to obtain soil samples in search of tiny fragments of age or minerals and animals. “
Instead, more remains were unearthed, including what appeared to be a complete but flat skull, and an upper body bone that reached almost the waist. The remains are believed to be more than 70,000 years old, as well as those of middle-aged and elderly people. Since the sex has not yet been determined, archaeologists refer to the remains as Shanidar Z.
What is the connection between modern humans and Neanderthals?
It is not clear whether Neanderthals’ funerals were similar to today’s. Dr Emma Pomeroy, an archaeologist with the project team, explained: “We are not entirely sure whether Neanderthals really dug a hole for the dead and buried them. Although there is some evidence that the remains were placed in a natural inclination at the bottom of the cave, there are also indications of “deliberate excavation” around them.
At the same time, modern technology was re-examined to study the theory of flower burial in the 1960s. The technique will study a resin-filled sediment removed from the cave.
The most telling thing, however, is a small, dense bone. Bones known as the part of the tibia can be used as important DNA evidence. It is cherished by scientists because it can preserve ancient DNA for millions of years. Scans of Shanidar Z showed bone blocks and were intact.