Thousands of years ago ancient human fun hobbies: playing bone flutes, partying and drinking

Beijing time on March 3, according tomedia reports, modern human life is rich and colorful, they will choose to indulge in the Network, group chat, may also be with a stranger on the network “love”, they will also be keen to browse the article … This may be a reflection of the lives of modern people, compared to the ancient humans living in 3000 BC, they most need to solve the problem is life and food, hunting around for food, or making pottery, then what is the greatest pleasure in their lives? Let’s take a look at the expert’s point of view:

Jennifer Matthews

Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, Trinity University of the United States, specializes in the study of Mayan historical archaeology.

“As early as 40,000 years ago, archaeologists discovered that early humans would use bone flutes, and in 100 A.D., a beautifully carved flute was found in the Oaxaca region of Mexico, placed in the hands of the tomb’s owner, presumably a musician. “

As an archaeologist, I mainly study how ancient humans survived in difficult circumstances 5,000 years ago, with shorter life spans and more mature behavior among teenagers, who had to do everything they could to survive in all its means. At the same time, they will still choose some entertainment, to relieve the pressure of survival, for example: playing musical instruments, as early as 40,000 years ago, archaeologists found that early humans will use bone flutes, 100 A.D., excavationin in the Oaxaca region of Mexico found a beautifully carved flute, placed in the hands of the tomb owner, presumed that the tomb owner was a “musician” before birth.

The ancient instruments found by archaeologists in the 10th-century Ponam park frescoes in Mexico are important to ancient Mayan culture, and in the frescoes of a small room at the top of a temple, they depict The Mayan musicians dressed up like “lobsters”, which they call “pigua”, while they play horns and drums And beat the sand, and so on, these scenes are part of the coronation ceremony of the new king. In addition, other room frescoes show images of captives being captured and sacrificed alive, so it was difficult to analyze what the Mayans loved most at the time, playing music and participating in ceremonial events was perhaps part of their life.

I am also interested in The Aztec toys that appear in the archaeological records, such as toy dogs with wheels, although archaeological evidence suggests that toy dogs wear less and may be just a burial item. But dolls and other miniature models, already thought to be a toy, may actually be Mayan adults teaching children how to play, in archaeological sites.

So while I believe there were some interesting moments in early human life 50,000 years ago, such as telling stories around a bonfire, or the pride of parents watching their children master a skill, such as making tools, none of them have any relevant archaeological record. I think that thousands of years ago living conditions are harsh, people’s material life is very harsh, enjoy the spiritual level of fun is a luxury.

Thousands of years ago ancient human fun hobbies: playing bone flutes, partying and drinking

Luke Kaiser

Ph.D. in Anthropology, University of Arizona, USA

One of the most interesting things ancient humans could do 5,000 years ago was to get together and drink.

Although archaeologists have found some different types of drinking utensils from the Bronze Age, a vessel known as “depas amikypellon” is the best evidence of common human drinking in ancient times.

Most of the ancient drinking utensils were flat-bottomed, with only one handle, but the structure of “depas amikypellon” was a round bottom and two handles, which meant that people could hand the glass to others to pour wine when they were drinking, which is a common thing when people drink. Archaeologists found the vessel as part of a set of wine sets excavated in southwestern Anatolia, including some liquor dishes, such as water cans, kitchenware, etc. As common drinking became more popular, these vessels spread from present-day Turkey to the Aegean region, marking the existence of public drinking in ancient humans.

In Europe 5,000 years ago, shortly after the Neolithic revolution, when people’s way of life began to be sedentary, agricultural production began to appear, and people began to live longer. At this point, there was a growing popularity of multi-party drinking, and people began to make wine and beer, because they did not get pleasure in the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, nor did they feel happy by the expanded range of activities. The most enjoyable thing they’re going to do is, probably a family gathering, or a party with another family, so they’ll make wine, choose the time to have a family party, initially worry about food waste, use excess food for fermented wine, and then realize at the family gathering that the event brings joy and excitement. Start regular winemaking and drinking.

Today, it’s natural for us to interact face-to-face with strangers, but in ancient times people were very cautious, and mass drinking allowed them to put aside their guard and work better together in building canals, going out to get raw materials, or building trade networks. During the Bronze Age, particularly in Europe and the Mediterranean, a highly complex trading network was emerged, incorporating more than 20-30 different cultures, and this public drinking seemed to be a bridge between people to build trust and communication.

Dr Julia Best, Cardiff University, Dr Penny Bickle, New York University, Professor Oliver Craig, University of York, And Richard Madwick, Cardiff University Dr Madgwick and Professor Jacqui Mulville of Cardiff University.

These archaeologists are good at studying ancient human food and banquet customs.

There is plenty of archaeological evidence that one of the most interesting things ancient humans did was to have a feast.

Stonehenge in the south of England could be a pretty good meeting place, and in a gathering area closest to Stonehenge, known as the Durrington Walls, archaeologists have found thousands of animal bones and pottery fragments, indicating that there were large banquets in ancient times. The remaining animal bones show that ancient humans ate mainly pork, and the burning marks of the bones of the pig’s hoof sedation showed that the pork was baked on an open flame, and that the age of death of the pigs was about nine months old, suggesting that the ancients might have met before and after the winter solstice. Archaeologists found that some pig bone articulation tissue is clearly visible, because when the ancients ate discarded pig bones there are still some connecting flesh, many pig bones are complete, not cut into pieces, indicating that pork is a whole piece of cooking, not cut into small pieces, broken down into a single nutrient, such as bone marrow.

Such gatherings can be over-pavement and deliberately wasteful, demonstrating their profligacy. Archaeologists’ chemical analysis of the fat left in ancient pottery showed that the ancients were also making cheese, and isotope analysis allowed the geographical area of pig growth. The study showed that people brought their own animals from all over the UK to the party, which was the equivalent of the Neolithic Glastonbury Festival. (Ye Ding Cheng)