How can Musk send a million people to Mars, how can he not be murdered on Mars?

Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX, a space exploration technology company, recently said SpaceX has the capability to send 1 million people to Mars by 2050. But the question is, how do humans spend their first night on Mars?

By the middle of this century, Musk hopes to build a metropolis on Mars with a population of 1 million, from factories to breweries. But before humans get there, we first find ways to solve the problem that humans could be “murdered” by Mars in many ways.

How can Musk send a million people to Mars, how can he not be murdered on Mars?

Mars “murders” humans in many ways: very low atmospheric pressure on Mars causes your blood to boil, no matter what the temperature is outside; trying to breathe an atmosphere made up mainly of carbon dioxide will suffocate you; you may freeze to death on the first night when the temperature drops to the South Pole; and if you only carry basic camping gear, You’ll also die of radiation poisoning or cancer. In short, camping there requires more than just tents.

Fortunately, humans have spent a lot of time thinking about these issues, and ideas are emerging. NASA’s latest idea, for example, involves building marshouses with fungi.

Pascal Lee, a researcher at the SetI Institute for Thesearch, and others argue that these are not insurmountable obstacles. In fact, there may be a ready-made solution that allows us to live on Mars from the start, which is to live on a spacecraft.

The first people to arrive on Mars in a SpaceX starship are likely to live and work on the spacecraft at first. In addition, the Mars Society, founded in 1998, has a similar idea.

The Mars Society recommends that people travel directly to Mars on “habitats” that could be used to build bases on the surface of Mars. Moreover, these habitats can be connected, just as modular buildings are trucked in and then quickly connected on site.

In addition to taking shelters, Martian pioneers must also bring appropriate tools to harvest materials from rugged terrain in order to build permanent residences. Of course, ancient lava caves and underground caves are also ideal refuges for humans, both in the early days and in emergency situations.

But going underground or building thick walls isn’t good for agriculture. Agriculture is a must if it is to survive on Mars. At the Mars Society conference in 2015, mechanical engineer Andrew Geiszler suggested that grounding the glass dome might be a solution. Mars provides all the raw materials needed to make glass, plastic and metal that can be used to build transparent domed homes.

Maintaining all the necessary life support systems on Mars will be a daunting task involving “extraterrestrial environmental geoization”, which would change the Martian environment to make it more Earth-like. But it is clear that this will be a long and arduous task.

“The cost of the earthening of the extraterrestrial environment will be very high, and it could take thousands of years for humans to walk on the surface of Mars in an environment similar to that of the west coast of Canada,” said stephen Petranek, a best-selling author. “

So it may take this long-term thinking to become the true “multiplanetary” species Musk wants. But the first thing we need to figure out is how to get through the first night after reaching Mars.